PREPARED BY THE FAIR WORKWEEK INITIATIVE—CENTER FOR POPULAR DEMOCRACY
The Center for Popular Democracy (CPD) works to create equity, opportunity and
a dynamic democracy in partnership with high-impact base-building organizations,
organizing alliances, and progressive unions. CPD strengthens our collective capacity
to envision and win an innovative pro-worker, pro-immigrant, racial and economic
The Fair Workweek Initiative (FWI), a collaborative effort anchored by CPD, is
dedicated to restoring family-sustaining work hours for all working Americans. We
partner with diverse stakeholders to advance an integrated set of strategies that
include policy change, workplace-based demands and high road employer advocacy.
Please contact Elianne Farhat (email@example.com) to learn more.
Nationwide, more than 38 million women work in hourly jobs. Most women, and most Americans, are paid by the
hour, yet today’s workweek is changing—the 40 hour workweek and the 8-hour day are no longer the norm for a
significant part of this workforce. Our nation’s workplace protections are badly out of sync with the needs of today’s
working families and we need policies that provide everyone an opportunity to get ahead. Particularly, labor standards
have not kept up with rapid changes to the fastest growing industries like retail, healthcare, and food service. Part- time workers in the service sector—overwhelmingly women—have borne the greatest burden of these new just-in- time scheduling practices, which have largely gone unregulated. But what begins in these sectors will soon spread,
as the distinctions between part-time and full-time work grow increasingly blurred, and more and more Americans
experience work hour instability and economic uncertainty. Women − over a third of whom work part-time in order
to juggle: economic survival; family responsibilities; and advancing their careers − are at the greatest risk of being
further marginalized in the workforce if unsustainable scheduling practices on the part of employers go unchecked.
As we seek to create family-sustaining jobs in the burgeoning service sector, we must also consider scheduling
practices in low-wage employment. Without an update to labor standards for these workers, more and more
workers across the economy will be subject to this type of extreme economic uncertainty. New policies that ensure
predictable schedules, give employees a voice in their schedules, ensure quality part-time employment and access to
stable, full-time schedules will improve the lives of working people in general and especially benefit working women
This paper was written by Aditi Sen and Connie Razza. It was edited by Rachel Deutsch, Elianne Farhat,
Carrie Gleason, and Shawn Sebastian.
Fair Workweek Initiative
Hour by Hour
Hour by Hour: Women in
A majority of women are employed in hourly jobs, yet irregular work schedules and low-quality
part-time employment are straining women in the workforce in previously-unrecorded levels. The
unduly pressure, as documented through data and personal accounts in this report, means that
more than ever, women face fluctuating incomes and barriers to advancement in the workplace.
The precarious work schedules cause economic uncertainty and stress that is felt not just by
these women but also their families.
A third of workers have a fluctuating monthly income and 42 percent of them cite
irregular work schedules as the cause. Hourly workers experience these fluctuations more
acutely than do other workers. Nationwide, more than 38 million women (61 percent of all
women in the workforce) hold jobs paid on an hourly basis. Of women workers classified as
part-time, 83 percent are paid hourly. These jobs are disproportionately low-paying: 80 percent
of hourly part-time jobs for women pay below $15 per hour. Indeed, nearly half of all women
working hourly are employed in low-wage, yet fast growing sectors such as: health care, retail
and food service.
Twenty-five percent of women working part-time would prefer full-time work and half of
women working part-time cite childcare problems, family obligations, or education as the reason.
Yet, today’s workweek is changing: unpredictable schedules make planning childcare, class
schedules, and doctor’s appointments nearly impossible. Our nation’s workplace protections are
badly out of sync with the needs of today’s working families.
1. Employers increasingly require employees to offer full-time availability for part-time hours.
2. Part-time hourly workers suffer a pay penalty for being part-time, with wages
significantly lower per hour than hourly workers who have full-time schedules.
Thus while part-time work is often depicted as meeting workers’ needs for flexible work
schedules, part-time hourly work has become a source of economic insecurity and scheduling
uncertainty, especially for women and people of color.
New policies that ensure predictable schedules, give employees a voice in their schedules,
ensure quality part-time employment and access to stable, full-time schedules will improve the
lives of working people in general and especially benefit working women and mothers.
• Predictable schedules with stable hours and a reliable paycheck make it possible for
working people to plan ahead to meet their responsibilities on and off the job. Advance notice of
schedules, with predictability pay for last-minute additions and reporting pay for shortened and
on-call shifts, ensure that employers to establish stable, predictable scheduling practices.
• Employee voice in determining schedules allow employees to set reasonable limitations
on their schedules so that they can stay healthy, pursue educational opportunities, and spend
time with their families. The right to request specific scheduling accommodations, the right to
mutual consent to changes to the initial schedule, and the right to rest ensure that employer
decisions about scheduling and schedule changes reflect for employee input.
• Family-sustaining jobs allow people who work to support themselves and their families.
Access to adequate hours and guaranteed minimum hours along with pay parity between part- time and full-time employees will ensure that part-time workers are paid more fairly and are able
to transition to attain full-time work if they choose.
The Duke City Times Would like to thank OLE and Rebecca Glen For submitting this Report that Is Valuable towards creating Fair Working conditions for Women Worldwide.IF you Like more information on the Plight Of woman workers Please contact:
Organizers in the Land of Enchantment
“OLE is a Great Organization that is fighting to make New Mexico a better Place”
-The Duke City Times
To view the Full Report Click the Link Below:
Hour by Hour_Women in Today’s Workweek